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Speech & Language Terms
I. Language:
 A student with a language dysfunction exhibits significant difficulties in processing auditory information, syntax, semantics and/or pragmatics.
  • Receptive Language - the ability to understand and interpret what one hears- comprehension, vocabulary
  • Expressive Language - use of words and sentences to convey messages, thoughts and engage in conversation.
  • Syntax and Morphology- word order and rules of language.
  • Semantics- meanings of words.
  • Pragmatics- ability to functionally employ all communication skills to be an effective speaker and listener.
  • Auditory Processing- the ability to decipher auditory stimuli, cognitive processing of words, connected utterances or sentences.
II. Articulation (Speech Production):
A student with an articulation and/ or phonological errors persisting beyond the developmental milestones. These errors may interfere with overall intelligibility.
III. Fluency:
A student with a fluency disorder may exhibit inappropriate rate of speech, characterized by any of the following: repetitions, prolongations, blocks, hesitations, interjections, broken words, revisions, incomplete phrases, or ancillary movements that are indicative of stress or struggle.
IV. Voice:
 A voice disorder is characterized by abnormal production and/or absences of vocal quality, pitch, loudness, resonance, and/or duration, which is inappropriate for an individual's age and/or gender.
V. Hearing:
 A student identified with a mild to severe hearing loss in need of supplemental speech, language, and/or aural rehabilitation, may be eligible for services.